Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Three-Dimensional Wing Kinematics and Force Measurement of a Modified Beetle-Mimicking Flapping-Wing System

H. V. Phan, Q. V. Nguyen, H. C. Park, N. S. Goo, D. Y. Byun

Abstract


In this work, we modified the previous flapping-wing system such that the wing kinematics can be similar to that of a real beetle. Three-dimensional wing kinematics was measured by using two high-speed cameras. The capture images show that the modified flapping-wing can flap at a high frequency of 37 Hz with a large flapping angle of 167°. The wing rotation angle becomes variable from the wing root to wing tip during flapping just like in the beetle’s hind wings. We also measured the thrust by using the swing test method. The force measurement test proved that the modified flapping-wing system can generate a thrust of about 8.6 grams. Thus, the semi-active wing rotation mechanism is proven to be effective to produce a higher thrust.

Full Text:

PDF

References


(1) Ellington C P, 1984, “The aerodynamics of hovering insect flight. III. Kinematics,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B Vol. 305, pp. 17~40.

(2) Dickinson M H, Lehmann F O, Sane S P, 1999, “Wing rotation and the aerodynamics basis of insect flight,” Science Vol. 284, pp. 1954~1960.

(3) Sane S P, 2003, “Review: The aerodynamics of insect flight,” The J. Exp. Biol. Vol. 206 pp. 4191~4208.

(4) Liu Y and Sun M, 2008, “Wing kinematics measurement and aerodynamics of hovering droneflies,” The J. Exp. Biol. Vol. 211 pp. 2014~2025.

(5) Sun M, Tang J, 2002, “Unsteady aerodynamic force generation by a model fruit fly wing in flapping motion,” The J. Exp. Biol. Vol. 205 pp. 55~70.

(6) Truong Q T, Nguyen Q V, Truong V T, Park H C, Byun D Y, and Goo N S, 2011, “A modified blade element theory for estimation of forces generated by a beetle-mimicking flapping wing system,” Bioinspir. and Biomim. Vol. 6 036008.

(7) Park J H, Yoon K J, 2008, “Designing a biomimetic ornithopter capable of sustained and controlled flight,” J. Bionic Eng. Vol. 5 pp. 39~47.

(8) Ifju P G, Jenkins D A, Ettinger S, Lian Y, Shyy W., and Wazak M R, 2002, “Flexible-wing-based micro air vehicles,” AIAA Ann. Conf., AIAA 2002-0705.

(9) de Croon G, de Clerq K, Ruijsink R, Remes B, and de Wagter R, 2009, “Design, aerodynamics, and vision-based control of the DelFly,” Int. J. Mic. Air Veh. Vol. 1 pp. 71~97.

(10) P´erez-Arancibia N O, Ma K Y, Galloway K C, Greenberg J D and Wood R J, 2011, “First controlled vertical flight of a biologically inspired microrobot,” Bioinspir. Biomim. Vol. 6 036009.

(11) Nguyen Q V, Truong Q T, Park H C, Goo N S, Byun D Y, 2010, “Measurement of force produced by an insect-mimicking flapping-wing system,” J. Bionic Eng. Vol. 7 pp. S94~S102.

(12) Hedrick T L, 2008, “Software techniques for two- and three-dimensional kinematics measurement of biological and biomimetic systems,” Bioinspir. Biomim. Vol. 3 034001.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21535%2FProICIUS.2011.v7.342

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.