Safety Considerations in the Design and Testing of Rotary-Wing UAVs

Agus Budiyono, Kakuya Iwata


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), particularly rotary-wing models, have gained significant traction in a variety of industries, from surveillance and surveying to delivery services and disaster management. As the applications of these systems increase, ensuring their safe operation becomes paramount. This paper presents a comprehensive exploration of the safety considerations necessary in the design and testing phases of rotary-wing UAVs. Our research is divided into two main sections: the design considerations and testing protocols. In the design section, we delve into the necessary safety measures, including propeller safety, rotor balance, control systems, battery safety, and the potential acoustic and vibration impacts. We suggest design solutions aimed at minimizing safety risks associated with each of these factors. The testing protocol section evaluates the importance of rigorous testing under diverse conditions to ensure UAVs respond safely to various operational and emergency scenarios. We focus on propeller performance, engine reliability, control systems' responsiveness, and battery durability, among others. Additionally, we discuss the significance of environmental testing, which analyzes UAV performance under different weather conditions. We provide a holistic view of rotary-wing UAV safety, blending design, and testing considerations into a comprehensive safety protocol. Our research aims to contribute to the growing body of knowledge in UAV safety and inform better design and testing practices for safer UAV operations.


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) testing, safety consideration, testing protocol, safety measures


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