Design Considerations for Unmanned Surface Vehicles in Bathymetric Survey

Nico Prayogo, Agus Budiyono, Tutut Prasetyo, Kurniantoro WHS


Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs) have emerged as a promising technology for bathymetric survey, offering increased efficiency, safety, and cost-effectiveness compared to traditional manned vessels. This abstract highlights key design considerations for USVs in bathymetric survey missions. Firstly, the autonomy of USVs is of paramount importance, necessitating the development of advanced algorithms and techniques for autonomous navigation in various water environments. These algorithms must account for factors such as water currents, waves, and obstacles to ensure reliable and accurate data collection. Secondly, the integration of appropriate sensors is crucial for successful bathymetric survey operations. Multibeam echo sounders, side-scan sonars, and LiDAR systems are commonly employed to obtain high-resolution bathymetric data. Effective sensor integration requires careful consideration of factors such as positioning, calibration, and data synchronization to ensure accurate and reliable data acquisition. Furthermore, data fusion and processing techniques play a vital role in generating comprehensive bathymetric maps and models. Combining data from multiple sensors onboard the USV in real-time, along with advanced processing algorithms, enhances the quality and reliability of the final bathymetric products. Energy efficiency and endurance are additional design considerations for USVs. Optimizing power management systems, propulsion mechanisms, and exploring alternative energy sources are essential for extended mission duration, reduced operational costs, and increased sustainability. Moreover, robust communication systems are critical for real-time data transmission between the USV and remote control centers. Research in communication protocols and technologies enables reliable and seamless data transfer, even in challenging and remote environments. The environmental adaptability of USVs is another key aspect. Evaluating and enhancing their performance in diverse conditions, including shallow waters, rough seas, and complex coastal areas, ensures their reliability and effectiveness across a range of operational scenarios. Finally, safety and risk mitigation are vital considerations in USV design. Implementing collision avoidance systems, obstacle detection mechanisms, and emergency response protocols ensures safe and compliant operations, adhering to maritime regulations and guidelines. In conclusion, the design of USVs for bathymetric survey involves multiple facets, including autonomous navigation, sensor integration, data fusion, energy efficiency, communication systems, environmental adaptability, and safety considerations. Advancements in these areas will contribute to the continued evolution and effectiveness of USVs in mapping and understanding the underwater environment.


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