Robot-Assisted Rehabilitation for Stroke Patients: A Review of Recent Developments

Agus Budiyono, Retnaningsih Retnaningsih


Stroke is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and rehabilitation is a crucial part of the recovery process. Robot-assisted rehabilitation has emerged as a promising approach to improve the outcomes of stroke rehabilitation by providing more intensive and consistent training, and by incorporating feedback and monitoring of patients' progress. This review paper provides an overview of the recent developments in robot-assisted rehabilitation for stroke patients. The paper first describes the different types of robots used in stroke rehabilitation, including exoskeletons, end-effectors, and hybrid devices. It then discusses the various training modalities that can be implemented using these robots, such as assistive, resistive, and adaptive training. The paper also examines the benefits and limitations of robot-assisted rehabilitation, including improved motor function and reduced healthcare costs, as well as challenges related to the integration of robotics with traditional therapy. The review highlights the recent advancements in robot-assisted rehabilitation, such as the development of personalized training programs based on patients' individual characteristics and the integration of virtual reality and gaming elements to enhance patient engagement and motivation. The paper also discusses the potential of robot-assisted rehabilitation to be used in conjunction with other emerging technologies, such as brain-computer interfaces and artificial intelligence. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion of the future directions of robot-assisted rehabilitation for stroke patients, including the need for more rigorous clinical trials to establish the efficacy of these technologies, and the importance of incorporating patients' and clinicians' perspectives in the design and implementation of robot-assisted rehabilitation programs. Overall, this review highlights the potential of robot-assisted rehabilitation to improve the outcomes of stroke rehabilitation and enhance the quality of life of stroke survivors.

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