Monocular Vision based Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) Technique for UAV Platforms in GPS-denied Environments

Harsha Subramanya

Abstract


For Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAV) to operate autonomously in unstructured and GPS-denied environments, requisite information about the surroundings with adequate detailing needs to be generated and Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) is among the most preferred protocols for fulfilling these needs. This study presents a SLAM-based linear optimal control approach for UAV navigation with limited sensor resources. The suggested protocol utilizes 1-Point RANSAC and an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) for SLAM from a 6 degree-of-freedom motion monocular image sequence. Output of this research effort includes the estimated camera motion and a sparse map of salient point features through sensory representation. In this study we present a unique combination of 1-Point RANSAC (Random Sample Consensus) in conjunction with EKF with innate focus on reducing of the computational complexity. Contemporary studies by UAV research groups have successfully demonstrated the usefulness of algorithms based on 1-Point RANSAC and also provided comparison of algorithmic results with those of visual odometry. The present study further extends the scope by evaluating the algorithm with data generated from an input device mounted on a custom developed UAV. Employment of SLAM mission for mapping the areas that are prone to mining and land exploration is among the important outcomes of the proposed study.

Keywords


Efficient Algorithms; Unmanned Air Vehicles; RANSAC; Filters; Mapping; Localization;

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21535%2Fijrm.v2i1.115

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