Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Thermal Damage in Drilling of CFRP Composites

Bin Shi, A. Sadek, M. Meshreki, H. Attia, J. Duquesne


Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites are extensively used in aerospace applications due to their light weight and special strength. Drilling of holes is the most frequently used machining operation for CFRP composites. In the drilling process, heat conduction with the anisotropic thermal properties of CFRPs is a complex process that requires special considerations. In this study, a 3D finite element (FE) model is developed to predict the temperature fields in drilling of laminated composites, considering the unique features of CFRPs, i.e., the multi-ply structures and anisotropic thermal properties. The thermal energy is determined from the cutting forces and the cutting parameters. A novel methodology is proposed to determine the heat partition ratio between the CFRP and the drilling tool. It considers the tool speed and geometry, the material properties, as well as the tool coating. The predicted temperature and thermal damage are validated experimentally, which are in good agreement with the measurements.


Finite Element Modelling; Drilling; CFRP Composites; Thermal Analysis

Full Text:



Dandekar, C.R., and Shin, Y.C., "Modeling of machining of composite materials: A review." International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 57, pp.102–121, 2012.

Durao, L.M.P., Moura, M.F.S.F., and Marques, A.T., "Numerical simulation of the drilling process on carbon/epoxy composite laminates." Composites: Part A, 37, pp. 1325–1333, 2002.

Singh, I,; Bhatnagar, N., and Viswanath, P., "Drilling of uni-directional glass fiber reinforced plastics: experimental and finite element study." Materials and Design, 29, pp. 546–553, 2008.

Isbilir, O., and Ghassemieh, E., "Finite element analysis of drilling of carbon fibre reinforced composites." Applied Composite Material, 19, pp. 637–656, 2012.

Feito, N., Lopez-Puente, J., Santiuste, C., and Miguelez, M.H., "Numerical prediction of delamination in CFRP drilling." Composite Structure , 108, pp. 677–683, 2014.

Diaz-Alvarez, J., Olmedo, A., and Santiuste, C., Miguélez, H.; "Theoretical estimation of thermal effects in drilling of woven carbon fiber composite." Materials, 7, pp. 4442-4454, 2014.

Bono, M., and Ni, J., "A model for predicting the heat flow into the workpiece in dry drilling." Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 124, pp.773-777, 2002.

Sadek, A, Shi, B., Meshreki, M, Duquesne, J, and Attia, M.H., “Prediction and Control of Drilling-induced Damage in Fibre-reinforced Polymers Using a New Hybrid Force and Temperature Modelling Approach.” CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 64 (1), pp. 89–92, 2015.

Shi, B., Attia, H., and Tounsi, N., "Identification of material constitutive laws for machining-Part I: An analytical model describing the stress, the strain, the strain rate, and the temperature fields in the primary shear zone in orthogonal metal cutting." ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 132/051008, pp. 1-11, 2008.

Kops, L., and Arenson, M., “Determination of convective cooling conditions in turning.” CIRP Annals – Manufacturing Technology, 48, pp. 47-52, 1999.

Ozerdem, B., “Measurement of convective heat transfer coefficient for a horizontal cylinder rotating In quiescent air.” Int. Comm. Heat Mass Trans, 27, pp. 389–395, 2000.

Elghnam, R. I., “Experimental and numerical investigation of heat transfer from a heated horizontal cylinder rotating in still air around its axis.” Ain Shams Engineering Journal, Vol. 5 (1), pp. 177–185, 2014.

Attia, H., Joseph, P.M., and M'Saoubi, R., “Determination of convective heat transfer from rotating workpieces in dry and laser-assisted turning processes.” Advances in Materials & Processing Technology Conference, Atlantis The Palm, Nov. 17-20, 2014, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Glenn Elert, "The Physics Hypertextbook." [online]. Available:, 1998.

Shaw, M.C., Metal Cutting Principles. Oxford University Press, 1984.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.